Students read and understand grade-level-appropriate material. They analyze the organizational patterns, arguments, and positions advanced.
Analyze both the features and the rhetorical devices of different types of public documents (e.g., policy statements, speeches, debates, platforms) and the way in which authors use those features and devices.
Analyze the way in which clarity of meaning is affected by the patterns of organization, hierarchical structures, repetition of the main ideas, syntax, and word choice in the text.
Verify and clarify facts presented in other types of expository texts by using a variety of consumer, workplace, and public documents.
Make warranted and reasonable assertions about the author's arguments by using elements of the text to defend and clarify interpretations.
Analyze an author's implicit and explicit philosophical assumptions and beliefs about a subject.
Critique the power, validity, and truthfulness of arguments set forth in public documents; their appeal to both friendly and hostile audiences; and the extent to which the arguments anticipate and address reader concerns and counterclaims (e.g., appeal to reason, to authority, to pathos and emotion).
Analyze ways in which poets use imagery, personification, figures of speech, and sounds to evoke readers' emotions.
Students write coherent and focused texts that convey a well-defined perspective and tightly reasoned argument. The writing demonstrates students' awareness of the audience and purpose and progression through the stages of the writing process.
Demonstrate an understanding of the elements of discourse (e.g., purpose, speaker, audience, form) when completing narrative, expository, persuasive, or descriptive writing assignments.
Structure ideas and arguments in a sustained, persuasive, and sophisticated way and support them with precise and relevant examples.
Enhance meaning by employing rhetorical devices, including the extended use of parallelism, repetition, and analogy; the incorporation of visual aids (e.g., graphs, tables, pictures); and the issuance of a call for action.
Develop presentations by using clear research questions and creative and critical research strategies (e.g., field studies, oral histories, interviews, experiments, electronic sources).
Use systematic strategies to organize and record information (e.g., anecdotal scripting, annotated bibliographies).
Integrate databases, graphics, and spreadsheets into word-processed documents.
Revise text to highlight the individual voice, improve sentence variety and style, and enhance subtlety of meaning and tone in ways that are consistent with the purpose, audience, and genre.
Students combine the rhetorical strategies of narration, exposition, persuasion, and description to produce texts of at least 1,500 words each. Student writing demonstrates a command of standard American English and the research, organizational, and drafting strategies.
Write reflective compositions: Explore the significance of personal experiences, events, conditions, or concerns by using rhetorical strategies (e.g., narration, description, exposition, persuasion); Draw comparisons between specific incidents and broader themes that illustrate the writer's important beliefs or generalizations about life; Maintain a balance in describing individual incidents and relate those incidents to more general and abstract ideas.
Write job applications and résumés; Provide clear and purposeful information and address the intended audience appropriately; Use varied levels, patterns, and types of language to achieve intended effects and aid comprehension;
Modify the tone to fit the purpose and audience.
Deliver multimedia presentations:
Students write and speak with a command of standard English conventions.
Students formulate adroit judgments about oral communication. They deliver focused and coherent presentations that convey clear and distinct perspectives and demonstrate solid reasoning. They use gestures, tone, and vocabulary tailored to the audience and purpose.
Recognize strategies used by the media to inform, persuade, entertain, and transmit culture (e.g., advertisements; perpetuation of stereotypes; use of visual representations, special effects, language).
Analyze the impact of the media on the democratic process (e.g., exerting influence on elections, creating images of leaders, shaping attitudes) at the local, state, and national levels.
Distinguish between and use various forms of classical and contemporary logical arguments, including:
Use research and analysis to justify strategies for gesture, movement, and vocalization, including dialect, pronunciation, and enunciation.
Students deliver polished formal and extemporaneous presentations that combine traditional rhetorical strategies of narration, exposition, persuasion, and description. Student speaking demonstrates a command of standard American English and the organizational and delivery strategies.
Trigonometry uses the techniques that students have previously learned from the study of algebra and geometry. The trigonometric functions studied are defined geometrically rather than in terms of algebraic equations. Facility with these functions as well as the ability to prove basic identities regarding them is especially important for students intending to study calculus, more advanced mathematics, physics and other sciences, and engineering in college.
The periodic table displays the elements in increasing atomic number and shows how periodicity of the physical and chemical properties of the elements relates to atomic structure. As a basis for understanding this concept:
Biological, chemical, and physical properties of matter result from the ability of atoms to form bonds from electrostatic forces between electrons and protons and between atoms and molecules. As a basis for understanding this concept:
The conservation of atoms in chemical reactions leads to the principle of conservation of matter and the ability to calculate the mass of products and reactants. As a basis for understanding this concept:
The kinetic molecular theory describes the motion of atoms and molecules and explains the properties of gases. As a basis for understanding this concept:
Acids, bases, and salts are three classes of compounds that form ions in water solutions. As a basis for understanding this concept:
Solutions are homogeneous mixtures of two or more substances. As a basis for understanding this concept:
Energy is exchanged or transformed in all chemical reactions and physical changes of matter. As a basis for understanding this concept:
Chemical reaction rates depend on factors that influence the frequency of collision of reactant molecules. As a basis for understanding this concept:
Chemical equilibrium is a dynamic process at the molecular level. As a basis for understanding this concept:
The bonding characteristics of carbon allow the formation of many different organic molecules of varied sizes, shapes, and chemical properties and provide the biochemical basis of life. As a basis for understanding this concept:
Nuclear processes are those in which an atomic nucleus changes, including radioactive decay of naturally occurring and human-made isotopes, nuclear fission, and nuclear fusion. As a basis for understanding this concept:
Students explain the fundamental principles and moral values of American democracy as expressed in the U.S. Constitution and other essential documents of American democracy.
Students evaluate and take and defend positions on the scope and limits of rights and obligations as democratic citizens, the relationships among them, and how they are secured.
Students evaluate and take and defend positions on what the fundamental values and principles of civil society are (i.e., the autonomous sphere of voluntary personal, social, and economic relations that are not part of government), their interdependence, and the meaning and importance of those values and principles for a free society.
Students analyze the unique roles and responsibilities of the three branches of government as established by the U.S. Constitution.
Students summarize landmark U.S. Supreme Court interpretations of the Constitution and its amendments.
Students evaluate issues regarding campaigns for national, state, and local elective offices.
Students analyze and compare the powers and procedures of the national, state, tribal, and local governments.
Students evaluate and take and defend positions on the influence of the media on American political life.
Students analyze the origins, characteristics, and development of different political systems across time, with emphasis on the quest for political democracy, its advances, and its obstacles.
Students formulate questions about and defend their analyses of tensions within our constitutional democracy and the importance of maintaining a balance between the following concepts: majority rule and individual rights; liberty and equality; state and national authority in a federal system; civil disobedience and the rule of law; freedom of the press and the right to a fair trial; the relationship of religion and government.
Students understand common economic terms and concepts and economic reasoning.
Students analyze the elements of America's market economy in a global setting.
Students analyze the influence of the federal government on the American economy.
Students analyze the elements of the U.S. labor market in a global setting.
Students analyze the aggregate economic behavior of the U.S. economy.
Students analyze issues of international trade and explain how the U.S. economy affects, and is affected by, economic forces beyond the United States's borders.
Discuss what is sociology and its practical importance to society.
Explain the origins and scope of Sociology and the methods used by sociologists in the study of human behavior.
Describe social issues and note their sociological implications.
Analyze the ways in which groups influence social institutions, teach individuals what is appropriate and inappropriate, facilitate change and hinder it, indicate status, class and power level and show prejudice and discrimination.
Discuss the basic characteristics of culture and analyze how cultures differ as well as how cultures passes values, beliefs, and traditions to the next generation and sanction behaviors.
Differentiate the three major sociological orientations: conflict theory, structural functionalism and symbolic interactionism.